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Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest

Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest is a tall open forest found on shale and shale enriched sandstone soils. Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest consists of a mid-section of shrubs and small trees, with a grassy ground cover.

The canopy consists mainly of turpentine, red mahogany and various Ironbark species. This vegetation community has a mean annual rainfall between 900 and 1250 mm.

Endangered Ecological Community

Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark Forest is listed as an critically endangered ecological community under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 and a critically endangered ecological community under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Native Species List

Common Name 

Botanical Name 

Approximate Height

Trees     
Turpentine  Syncarpia glomulifera  30m 
Grey Ironbark  Eucalyptus paniculata subsp. paniculata  25-35m 
Smooth-barked Apple  Angophora costata  15-25m 
Blackbutt  Eucalyptus pilularis  20-30m 
Red Mahogany  Eucalyptus resinifera  20-30m 
Small Trees     
Sweet Pittosporum  Pittosporum undulatum   
Shrubs     
Coffee Bush  Breynia oblongifolia   
Blackthorn  Bursaria spinosa   
Large-leaf Hop-bush  Dodonaea triquetra   
Rough Guinea Flower  Hibbertia aspera subsp. aspera   
Prickly Beard-heath  Leucopogon juniperinus   
Mock -olive  Notelaea longifolia   
Paper Daisy  Ozothamnus diosmifolius   
Yellow Pittosporum  Pittosporum revolutum   
Elderberry Ash  Polyscias sambucifolia   
Ground Covers     
Threeawn Speargrass Aristida vagans  
Apple Dumplings  Billardiera scandens   
Blue Flax-lily  Dianella caerulea   
Kidney Weed  Dichondra repens   
Bushy Hedgehog-grass  Echinopogon caespitosus var. caespitosus   
Bordered Panic  Entolasia marginata   
Wiry Panic  Entolasia stricta   
Wombat Berry  Eustrephus latifolius   
Love Creeper  Glycine clandestina   
Small-leaf glycine  Glycine microphylla   
Variable Sword-sedge  Lepidosperma laterale   
Spiny-headed mat-rush  Lomandra longifolia   
Many-flowered Mat-rush  Lomandra multiflora   
Weeping Grass  Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides   
Wonga Wonga Vine  Pandorea pandorana   
Whiteroot  Pratia purpurascens   
Pastel Flower  Pseuderanthemum variabile   
Kangaroo Grass Themeda australis  

 

 

Last updated on 1 September 2017